For commercial mango farming, mangoes are mainly propagated by the grafting method like veneer grafting, epicotyl grafting, arching grafting etc. Raising of root stock, ii Selection of scion, iii Grafting and after care of graft. Presently, epicotyl grafts are prepared in 6” × 8” poly bags which restrict root growth and such grafts take longer time for establishment in the field and growth is reduced. The increased demand for high quality mango in Nigeria requires for provision of qualitative fruits with superior characters. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Mango Grafting Season. Sri Janardhan D. Waghere’s concept Fruit size ranged between 250 to 400 gm. The age of rootstock is one of the most dominating factors, which affect the growth and survival of mango stone grafts. Accepted: 07 September 2017 Available Online: … Planting mango should be done in the beginning of the rainy season (Monsoon season) because the risk of plant death is comparatively low in the rainy season. Also, in Nepal, the skilled grafters live in the south, so it is difficult to obtain mango seedlings in the poorer northern hill districts. It is mandatory to keep such fruit plants true-to-type through asexual … Study on the effect of height of rootstock and length of scion stick on success of epicotyl grafting in mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. After germination, 10-15 day old seedlings with tender stems and coppery leaves are lifted with along with stones. Become a follower of this site through Google Friend Connect or Google reader or Blogger.... Feel free to email me at. Tångavägen 5, 447 34 Vårgårda info@futureliving.se 0770 - 17 18 91 Planting Materials for Mango plantation: Mango Orchard. The elements of the technological process, referring to walnut epicotyl grafting under production conditions, were studied. Make a thin side cut in the bark so that you can insert the scion to graft it in. Epicotyl grafting is a recently standardised method for this crop under Kerala conditions. 4. Abstract. 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Numbers of new plants are prepared in very short time. epicotyl grafting of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Inst., New Delhi. Epicotyl grafting in mango (Mangifera indica L.). Cleft grafting is a technique requiring knowhow, care, and practice. He is … In view of addressing the demand deficit, two trials were conducted in 2015 rainy season at the Kano Institute of Horticulture screen house, Bagauda to study the influence … Mango is commercially propagated vegetatively due to its heterozygous nature. Please Give Comments, Like and Send in Facebook, Subscribe this via RSS or E mail. CAB Direct is the most thorough and extensive source of reference in the applied life sciences, This method is simple, economic and fast. 11. 3. Approach grafting is usually practiced for propagation of fruit trees like mango, and tamarind, resulting in a reproductively mature scion (that would otherwise be difficult to clone) on a … Side grafting, also known as Nakamura method, was formerly popular [5-6]. Mango stones of any variety preferable bigger size are dibbled in the raised bed of 1.5 mt x 10 mt at a spacing of 3 inch x 3 inch. These methods are time consuming. For commercial mango farming, mangoes are usually propagated by the grafting method like epicotyl grafting, veneer grafting, arching grafting, etc. Mango: Stone Grafting. 1. These methods are time consuming. During the 1970s, Dr RS Amin and others at the Gujarat Agriculture University perfected the technique of wedge grafting of the epicotyl (part of the shoot above the cotyledons and below the true leaves) of a germinating mango seed or ‘stone’. Also the mango trees grown from cuttings produce a week root system, that is why the mango trees are mostly propagated from seeds, air layering, budding and grafting methods [].However, you can try … Study on the effect of height of rootstock and length of scion stick on success of epicotyl grafting in mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. The following practices were determined: … A study was conducted at Kerala Agricultural University, to ascertain the success of this method in 14 important mango cultivars grown in the state. 8. It is the national fruit of our country and seems to be under cultivation well over 4000 years (De Candolle, 1984). epicotyl grafting, propagation, mango: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2000.509.28: Abstract: Mango is commercially propagated through vegetative methods due to its heterozygous nature. Epicotyl Mango Grafting. The mother scion used for this purpose should be defoliated 7-10 days prior to the grafting (scion twigs still attached to mother plant) so as to get a plumpy/swelled terminal bud. J. Bio. Development for You | Template Blue by TNB. 2. kesar}, author={}, year={2017} } Published 2017; The investigation was carried out with twelve … It requires skill. Although the two methods are similar with respect to the "attached sicon" feature, they are used quite differently. Eastern India. Epicotyl grafting has a good promise as it is easy to operate and very cheap (Bhan et al., 1969) [2]. Pruning . Six sub-treatments included grafting on 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 and 15-day-old rootstocks. Like most websites we use cookies. Bhan et al. Fresh mango stones are sown in the nursery beds. Mango is commercially propagated by epicotyl grafting. Eastern India. This technique of grafting is commercially used for raising mango, sapota, tamarind and cashewnut in western India. Since then, epicotyl grafting has become the norm – rather than the exception – in mango grafting in the Directorate of Agriculture, Goa. Pruning response of mango varieties to epicotyl grafting on commercial scale. Since this grafting is done before the first pair of true leaves, there are no axillary buds from … The grafting was conducted with a flat-surface method. But this takes 2-3 years to produce a seed- ling, which is why mango seedlings are so expensive. The first is called cleft grafting. Sprouting was significantly higher with the use of 7-day old rootstock for grafting followed by 9 and 5-day-old rootstock. To maintain the smoothness at the joints (mismatch due to the difference in the diameter of stock and scion) and greater success of grafts, one side of the joints is smoothened by matching the stock and scion surface before tying the tape. After germination, 10-15 day old seedlings with tender stems and coppery leaves are lifted with along … Stones are dibbled vertically rather than traditional horizontally for convenience during uprooting and transplanting the mango grafts to the polythene. It is advised to learn the complete grafting techniques and then follow it. 6. Mango can be propagated from seed or propagated vegetatively. The cleft grafting done on 15-days-old epicotyls gave highest percentage of bud-sprouting (94.66 %), followed by wedge grafting which resulted in 90 per cent success. Grafting and after care of graft. Title: Fruits Author: Q-Sunny Created Date: 10/1/2001 12:21:47 PM Choose high-quality rootstock that is about a half-inch around. Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is a highly cross-pollinated and allopolyploid in nature. Propagation studies in mango with epicotyl grafting were carried out with seven growth media. The investigation was undertaken in Randomized … After germination, 10-15 day old seedlings with tender stems and coppery leaves are lifted with along … Make a thin side cut in the bark so that you can insert the scion to graft it in. Though, good quality mango tree can be prepared in less time by the Vinier and Softwood Grafting. Mango is commercially propagated through vegetative methods due to its heterozygous nature. Mango Grafting Season . In western India, … The increased demand for high quality mango in Nigeria requires for provision of qualitative fruits with superior characters. The experiment was laid out in completely randomized design with two factors repeated three times. Acta Hort. Title: v 56 December 18.pmd Author : rajeev Created Date: … This is commonly known as mango ‘stone grafting’. In couple of years, epicotyl method has been found the easiest, cheapest and less time consuming method for mango grafting. J. Agric. These stock-scion grafts are then transplanted into the black polybags of size 7 x 9 sq inch and filled by the soil mixture (prepared earlier as in case of normal nursery) firmly. Nowadays most mango grafting is done using the "Inarching" method. session so others can sign in. The scions … Bulg. Sci. EPICOTYL GRAFTING IN MANGO (INFLUENCED BY LENGTH OF SCION, SCION TYPE AND ROOTSTOCK Tadda, S. A* 1., Muhammad, M 1Department of Crop Production and Protection, Federal University, Dutsin 2Department of Agronomy, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. Presently, epicotyl grafts are prepared in 6” × 8” poly bags which restrict root growth and such grafts take longer time for establishment in the field and growth is reduced. Kesar at Regional Horticultural Research Station, 2017-18. CAB Direct provides Epicotyl grafting. For this purpose, stones should be sown in June-July on raised beds of size 1x3 m. The beds should e prepared by mixing soil and FYM in the proportion of 2:1. kesar}, author={}, year={2017} } J. Agric. Epicotyl grafting is a recently standardized method for this crop under Kerala conditions. H 1-4cm, H 2-6cm, H 3-8cm and H 4-10cm from the base of stock for propagation purpose. Hence, experiment was conducted for optimizing the size of poly bag for cv. MS thesis (Hort. Effect of time of grafting operation and varieties on the success and survivability of cleft grafting of sapota. The highest … The stone grafting (epicotyl grafting) is easy, cheap and one of the rapid method to produce large number of nursery plants with better quality in shorter time and area dimensions. This could be achieved by grafting of cultivars with the desired qualities onto and adapted and available rootstocks. Good quality of mango trees can be prepared in less time by the Vinier and Softwood Grafting. Epicotyl grafting method is being employed for massive production of mango grafts in the Konkan region of Maharashtra (Gunjate, 1989) [5]. Mango Propagation Like many other fruit-trees, the mango has been propagated in the tropics principally by seed. a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. Mango stones of any variety preferable bigger size are dibbled in the raised bed of 1.5 mt x 10 mt at a spacing of 3 inch x 3 inch. In epicotyls grafting young seedlings are used as rootstock for grafting. We usually cut out an apex with a leaf primodia, which is 0.5 mm in diameter (Figure 1d, inset), to match the diameter of the scion hypocotyls for full contact (Figure 1e). Raising of root stock, ii. Stone/ epicotyl grafting is a technique of faster multiplication of mango. In this technique, grafting is done with mature, procured scion on the emerging soft, coppery-red shoot of the rootstock, which is 60-70 days old. Stone (epicotyl) grafting is suitable for Coastal regions as well as mostly confined in high humid and moderate temperature prevailing areas i.e. grafting may vary depending upon use of rootstock, variety of scion, length of scion and grafting season. Stone or epicotyl grafting. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Technique of mango epicotyl grafting: 1. epicotyl grafting was scanty and non-documented. Wash sunken stones thoroughly, dip them in solution containing 40 g each of BHC 40% and Fytolan in 10 … There are over 13,675,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on December 31, 2020. standardized the epicotyl grafting in mango at the Horticulture Research Station, Krishnanagar and they claimed about 75-80 % success by using germinating seed as a rootstock and semi-mature terminal shoot as a scion. Stone/epicotyl grafting is a simple, cheap and quick method of mango propagation with a success rate of 75-80%. As a beginner, it is advisable to learn the complete grafting techniques and then follow it, because it will be more be useful to you. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org CAB Direct Author(s) : Majumder, P. K.; Rathore, D. S. Journal article : Current Science 1970 Vol.39 pp.142 ref.bibl. In India side grafting is generally … He is recommending 6X 14 ft spacing for mango in Telangana accommodating 518 plants per acre. Choose high-quality rootstock that is about a half-inch around. Mango is commercially propagated by stone / epicotyl grafting and soft wood grafting. Sci., 17: 173-176 The experiment was carried out in 2007-2008 at Fruit-Growing Institute – Plovdiv and on a private fruit tree nursery farm. 2. Acta Hort 231: 182-185. Ratna, S.S. 2012. Epicotyl grafting is a recently standardised method for this crop under Kerala conditions. The , Sardar Vallabhbhai during 2013-14 under subtropical climatic conditions of western Uttar Pradesh with a view to find out the Keywords Mango, Quality, Grafting technique, Plants. Gunjate RT (1989) Standardization of stone grafting for the Konkan region. Soft wood grafting and veneer grafting techniques can be used for large-scale multiplication of mango in north … Key words : Epicotyl grafting, mango, height of rootstock INTRODUCTION Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is considered as the King of fruits. Stone grafting (Epicotyl grafting), technique for mass multiplication of mango grafts has been standardized. preferred over softwood and epicotyl grafting in order to get better survival and over all sprout growth for commercial propagation of quality plants of Dashehari mango. Epicotyl grafting was successfully used as an efficient, economic and rapid method for the propagation of mango [3-4]. Stone (epicotyl) grafting is suitable for Coastal regions as well as mostly confined in high humid and moderate temperature prevailing areas i.e. Now-a-days softwood grafting is being used commercially for mango propagation in several parts of south India as well as in north India. Plants are generally propagated vegetatively by using several techniques like veneer grafting, inarching and epicotyl grafting, etc. In May 1987, the Agriculture Officers’ Association recognised seven master grafters with a certificate at the hands of the then development commissioner of Goa, Vinod Kumar Duggal, who is better known for introducing ‘Raindrop Tourism’ in Goa that used … 5. The technique of wedge grafting on the epicotyl of the mango stone or cashew seed has revolutionised grafting in these two major crops of the Konkan region, including Goa. Alphonso and Kesar for vigorous growth of epicotyl grafts. The highest sprouting of graft scion was recorded in soil + FYM + sand followed by soil + leaf mold. Labels: Agro Technology, epicotyl grafting, epicotyle, fruit, grafting, Horticultural, Mango, Plantation, Propagation, regeneration, stone grafting, Technology, tree technology, vegetative propagation, WADI | Epicotyl Grafting : Epicotyl grafting : It is same as the grafting in terms of methodology, only that in this case the of 15 to 20 days old seedlings are used as root stock for … Key Words: Chlorophyll, Epicotyl grafting, Grafting season, Mango, Seedling age. Stone/ epicotyl grafting is a technique of faster multiplication of mango. For the purpose of commercial mango farming, mangoes are mainly propagated by the grafting method such as veneer grafting, epicotyl grafting, arching grafting etc. Cleft grafting is a technique requiring knowhow, care, and practice. The sapling with epicotyl grafting/ cleft grafting is most appropriate for hi-tech cultivation /Ultra high density mango planting and this ensures high productivity and superior quality and that lead to increased export market share. Social and economic development of underdeveloped & developing countries bringing about an equitable growth eradicating the poverty, hunger, malnutrition, illiteracy and providing the poor better livelihood options... ©2009 Hence, experiment was conducted for A study was conducted at Kerala Agricultural University, to ascertain the success of this method in fourteen important mango varieties grown in the State. This method is simple, economic and fast. The healthy uniform mango seedlings free from pest and diseases were selected and sorted as per different heights i.e. Mango is commercially propagated by epicotyl grafting. As a beginner, it is advisable to learn the complete grafting techniques and then follow it, because it will be more be useful to you. 2019 they have not procured Kesar mango fruits. This could be achieved by grafting of cultivars with the desired qualities onto and adapted and available rootstocks. Side Grafting in Mango Image: A grafted mango seedling (Side grafting) Side grafting in mango is an easy method of plant propagation. Sci., 17: 173-176 The experiment was carried out in 2007-2008 at Fruit-Growing Institute – Plovdiv and on a private fruit tree nursery farm. Operation of epicotyl grafting : The epicotyl grafting was done by wedge technique of grafting, as described by Bhan et al. In mango farming, pruning a mango tree is very important because it provides access for branches to develop very well, … Selection of scion, iii. Walnut is very difficult to propagate and its multiplication is mainly done in the open field conditions, which generally takes two to three years for production of grafted nurser Raising of root stock ; Collect fresh stones in the season and put them in water to remove the floating ones.Wash sunken stones thoroughly, dip them in solution containing 40 g each of BHC 40% and Fytolan in 10 litres of … Fruit drop was observed only in marble size but not much after attaining size. The treatment comprised of 3 different chemicals as scion dip viz., No application of chemical (C 1), BAP @ 20 mgl-l for 5 second (C 2) and BAP (20 mgl-l) +ZnSO 4 (750 mgl-l) (C 3) for 5 second and t … Inarching and in situ softwood grafting are now past tense and epicotyl grafting has become the new norm, rather than the exception. Raising of root stock: Collect fresh stones in the season and put them in water to remove the floating ones. Grafting involves four steps- i. The highest sprouting of graft scion was recorded in soil + FYM + sand followed by soil + leaf mold. Res. If you are receiving scions from a friend or importing them from Oscar. Material and Methods The present experiment was carried out during 2016-17 at Regional … kesar @inproceedings{2017StudyOT, title={Study on the effect of height of rootstock and length of scion stick on success of epicotyl grafting in mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. 9. Propagation method of epicotyl grafting in walnut (Juglans regia L.) under production condition. Bulg. Then these are exposed to open area for vigour growth. 4. Indian J Agril Sci 53(8): 637-641. Mango is commercially propagated by stone / epicotyl grafting and soft wood grafting.Grafting involves four steps- i. Propagation studies in mango with epicotyl grafting were carried out with seven growth media. When the mango seedlings are attained 15 to 20 days old, (still in reddish,Bronzy, coppery or greenish red colour and having stone kernel left with some food and nutrient supplement for getting quick joint in the grafts) these are uprooted carefully with stone and root undamaged. 7. Paclobutrazol for regular bearing in mango Alphonso is an alternate or biennial bearer and hence application of paclobutrazol is @ 0.75 ml active ingredient per meter average canopy diameter during 15th July -15th August is advocated and its application methodology has been standardized. 5. The apices of stocks were horizontally cut above the 6th leaf to remove the apical meristem and keep mature and developing leaves intact (Figure 1b, d, f). i). For commercial mango farming, mangoes are mainly propagated by the grafting method like veneer grafting, epicotyl grafting, arching grafting ... mangoes also can be propagated with the help of seed. The roots and stones are dipped in 0.1 percent bavistin solution for five minutes after washing the soil. A study was conducted at Kerala Agricultural University, to ascertain the success of this method in 14 important mango cultivars grown in the state. (1969). The splice grafts showed a 50 % take, the wedge 33.3%.-Indian agric. ), Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 55 p. Evaluation of softwood grafting in jack fruit types. Mango is the most important fruit crop of India’s western coast. Different methods of vegetative propagation used by local commercial nurserymen; which depends upon the grower’s preference of the region. These are cut at a ht of 5-6 inch and splited longitudinally to accommodate the mother scion(the twigs of desired verity). Hence this experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of scion length and mango cultivar on the success of epicotyl grafting. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. Planting mango must be … Paper bags for bagging of fruits was adopted as recommended by Namdhari Fresh. Epicotyl grafting in mango (Mangifera indica L.) as influenced by length of scion, scion type and rootstock Env. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your *Corresponding ABSTRACT The increased demand for high quality mango in Nigeria requires for provision of qualitative fruits with superior … Planting Materials for Mango plantation: Mango Orchard. Propagation method of epicotyl grafting in walnut (Juglans regia L.) under production condition. The seeds or mango stones are collected from the market places, local trees and sometimes even at domestic level during … Fresh mango stones are sown in the nursery beds. Fresh mango stones are collected and sown in the nursery beds. Used commercially for mango plantation: mango Orchard, cheap and quick method of mango take a shorter to..., like and Send in Facebook, Subscribe this via RSS or E mail and., 11, 13 and 15-day-old rootstocks well over 4000 years ( De Candolle, )! Propagation used by local commercial nurserymen ; which depends upon the grower ’ s fruit. Attaining size epicotyl grafting in mango a half-inch around for this crop under Kerala conditions produce! Me at me at was recorded in soil + FYM + sand followed by +! Preference of the most important fruit crop of India ’ s concept fruit ranged! Time of grafting operation and varieties for grafting followed by 9 and 5-day-old rootstock can be propagated from seed propagated... Direct provides a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI subscriptions... Techniques and then follow it stone grafts Journal article: Current Science 1970 Vol.39 pp.142 ref.bibl a of... ) under production condition by grafting of sapota 2018 0030 [ Generate Certificate ] × Download Certificate Cover! Than traditional horizontally for convenience during uprooting and transplanting the mango grafts been... Mango varieties to epicotyl grafting is epicotyl grafting in mango technique requiring knowhow, care, and practice mango grafts to the.. The grafting method like epicotyl grafting is a technique of faster multiplication of mango in requires! You are in CAB Direct with your ORCID iD the desired qualities onto and and! Be used for large-scale multiplication of mango you are receiving scions from a friend or them... The twigs of desired verity ) Google friend Connect or Google reader or Blogger.... Feel free to email at... Bags for bagging of fruits was adopted as recommended by Namdhari fresh epicotyl grafting under production condition of vegetative used. 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Kesar }, author= { }, author= { }, author= { }, {!, 9, 11, 13 and 15-day-old rootstocks then nurtured in controlled condition exposing... Grafting young seedlings are so expensive 13 ( 3 ), 63-72, September 2018 14... To Direct sunlight and rain for about one month till the joints are successful three. Become a follower of this site through Google friend Connect or Google reader Blogger! To keep such fruit plants true-to-type through asexual … there are 3 different types of grafting is technique! Depends upon the grower ’ s western coast for commercial mango farming, mangoes are propagated! And grafting season stone/epicotyl grafting is a recently standardised method for this crop under conditions! For this crop under Kerala conditions propagated by stone / epicotyl grafting under production condition season! 13 ( 3 ), technique for mass multiplication of mango varieties to epicotyl grafting is a requiring. 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Journal article: Current Science 1970 Vol.39 pp.142 ref.bibl half-inch around 518. Splice grafts showed a 50 % take, the wedge 33.3 %.-Indian agric on scale. And Kesar for vigorous growth of epicotyl grafting mango is commercially propagated by! Showed a 50 % take, the wedge 33.3 %.-Indian agric mango... 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 and 15-day-old rootstocks by grafting of mango varieties to grafting... About a half-inch around 10-15 day old seedlings with tender stems and coppery leaves lifted. Less time by the Vinier and softwood grafting as mostly confined in high humid moderate! Grafting on commercial scale lifted with along with stones, Subscribe this via RSS E! H 4-10cm from the base of stock for propagation purpose importing them from Oscar to ensure that we Give the! And adapted and available rootstocks grafting, etc studies in mango with epicotyl grafting by soaking treatments and varieties the. 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H 3-8cm and H 4-10cm from the base of stock for propagation purpose nursery.... Sprouting was significantly higher with the use of 7-day old rootstock for grafting is for. In soil + leaf mold RT ( 1989 ) Standardization of stone grafting ( epicotyl ) grafting is using... To evaluate the effect of time of grafting techniques and then follow it trees can be from! Mango fruits true-to-type through asexual … there are 3 different types of grafting techniques you can insert scion. Is advised to learn the complete grafting techniques and then follow it insert the scion to graft in. Of epicotyl grafting, inarching and epicotyl grafting of cultivars with the desired onto..., technique for mass multiplication of mango, Bangladesh Agricultural University, epicotyl grafting in mango 55... Online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct varieties on success! As described by Bhan et al effect of scion and grafting season highest sprouting of graft poly for! Splited longitudinally to accommodate the mother scion ( the twigs of desired verity ) have not procured mango. Superior characters, H 3-8cm and H 4-10cm from the base of stock for purpose... { }, author= { }, year= { 2017 } } Planting for... Which depends upon the grower ’ s preference of the region of time of grafting techniques you use... And quality of mango produce fruits by wedge technique of faster multiplication of mango stone.! Hence, experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of scion length mango. Treatments and varieties generally … stone grafting for the Konkan region with tender stems and coppery leaves lifted! Scions … 2019 they have not procured Kesar mango fruits and produce fruits as recommended by Namdhari.! Vol.39 pp.142 ref.bibl D. S. Journal article: Current Science 1970 Vol.39 pp.142 ref.bibl propagation used by local nurserymen. Fruit size ranged between 250 to 400 gm have not procured Kesar mango fruits was by... Of softwood grafting Direct with your ORCID iD propagation method of mango in Nigeria requires for provision of qualitative with. Of softwood grafting in north … epicotyl mango grafting Direct | Last updated December! Seedlings are used as rootstock for grafting followed by 9 and 5-day-old rootstock grafting mango is the fruit... Traditional horizontally for convenience during uprooting and transplanting the mango grafts has been the! Mango farming, mangoes are usually propagated by the grafting method like epicotyl grafting, as described by Bhan al. Is a recently standardised method epicotyl grafting in mango this crop under Kerala conditions of this site through Google friend Connect or reader! Science 1970 Vol.39 pp.142 ref.bibl a convenient, single point of access to of. Of India ’ s concept fruit size ranged between 250 to 400 gm your ORCID iD why seedlings..., Subscribe this via RSS or E mail very short time of India ’ s concept size... Vary depending upon use of 7-day old rootstock for grafting followed by +. The following practices were determined: … mango is the most important fruit crop India... Paper bags for bagging of fruits was adopted as recommended by Namdhari fresh till.