“We also plan to extend the basket of financial instruments in which the capital gains can be invested without payment of tax. Today, Insights is synonymous with UPSC civil services exam preparation. The land acquisition act of 2013 has diluted the most of the ruthless provisions of land acquisition act of 1894 and the most importantly, the new act made an deliberate attempt to put in place the building block for easy accessible of land. • The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, which came into force from 1 January 2014. The activists have questioned the changes made to the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act (Land Acquisition Act), 2013 by Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Jharkhand and Tamil Nadu. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these … will be given one-time payment, even if they don’t own any land. Social impact assessment: Under Social impact assessment (SIA) even need to obtain consent of the affected artisans, labourers, share-croppers, tenant farmers etc whose (sustainable) livelihood will be affected because of the given project. Many states have also enacted laws to regulate land acquisition. It seeks to minimise the collateral damage that is usually caused on the farmer’s side. It ensures that livelihood will not be taken away unless(i) it is in public interest and that is seen by social impact assessment (ii) The affected citizens are given rehabilitation. If the Corporation is unable to acquire land by an agreement, the government can order proceedings under the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 and acquire the land for public purpose. By way of safeguards against displacement special provisions have been made for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes under Section 41 and 42 of the RFCTLARR Act, 2013 which protect their interests. Additional rehabilitation package for SC/ST owners. • The title of the old law conveyed that its primary purpose was to expedite the acquisition of land. Insights has redefined the way preparation is done in UPSC civil service exam, Nanda Ashirwad Complex, 3rd Floor, Above Village Hyper Market, Chandralyout Main Road, The plaintiffs are bringing the action to adjudicate/declare under the Quiet Title Act, and under the Declaratory Judgment Act that the East Fork Eagle Creek Road is a public road as it crosses the lands owned by the USA in accordance with R.S. This act provides number of safeguards for the process of acquisition manifestly fairer. If project doesn’t start in 5 years, land has to be returned to the original owner or the land bank.  Establishment of Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Authority for speedy disposal of disputes. In 2013, UPA Govt repealed the century old draconian Land Acquisition Act 1894 with " The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 ". It compels a social and environmental impact assessment as a precondition for any acquisition. Context: The Supreme Court has asked five states to give their response to a petition filed by social activists questioning the state amendments made to the land acquisition law, which the petitioners claim have diluted the safeguards the central law provides for against forcible acquisition. In India, land acquisition is a concurrent subject, and is governed by central and state laws. The order gifted the government “laxity” in several aspects, which even Parliament did not bother to provide under the Act of 2013. The main central Act governing land acquisition is the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013 (2013 Act). The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013 (2013 Act), replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1894 Act). II, … Insights has redefined the way preparation is done in UPSC civil service exam, Nanda Ashirwad Complex, 3rd Floor, It replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1894 Act). In 2013, govt. 3. Safeguards: State Governments have to setup dispute settlement Chairman must be a district judge or lawyer for 7 years. Differences between Land acquisition act of 1894 and 2013 act Question - Major differences between Land acquisition act of 1894 and the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013. the land acquisition whether done by the central or state governments except the state of Jammu & Kashmir Union Cabinet has approved a proposal to take the ordinance route to amend the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013. 18 It includes, the act’s fundamental The title 1894 - The name of old law sounds like the primary purpose was the acquisition of land. The land Acquisition Act, 2013, was amended in 2015 which resulted in the following shortcomings: The Social Impact Assessment was a must for every acquisition in the Act but the mandatory requirement was removed for security, defence, rural infrastructure and industrial corridor projects in the amendment. Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2013 was recently passed by the Parliament. Compensation: Compensation proportion to market rates. The 2013 Act differed from the 1894 Act in several ways. If such fertile land is acquired, then Government will have to develop equal size of wasteland for agriculture purpose. The amendments made without considering the above factors will take away fundamental rights of the citizens. This Act is applicable to acquisition by all agencies of the State and the central government but doesn't apply to the State of J&K.