Gentiles were long seen as enemies of the Jewish people, yet Christ provided good news for both Jews and non-Jews. (2) There is a scarcity of Old Testament allusions. Family and order They assume that the Gentile Colossians were not keeping these days, but the heretics (who are usually labeled "Jewish Gnostics") were trying to force them to observe them. In the Old Testament, they were sometimes referred to as aliens or strangers, but God always welcomed aliens or strangers if they obeyed the Law. It is most probable that they were a mixture of both; but that the principal part were converted Jews is most likely. Instead of creating their own culture, they wanted to just adopt and make changes to the … 17 He himself is before all things, and in him all things hold together. Jesus also promised that it would go the non-Jews, or Gentiles. Ephesians 2:11-13, 19-20 - Do not lose sight of the fact that you (in Ephesus) were born "Gentiles", known by those (the Jews) whose bodies were circumcised as "the uncircumcised". (Colossians 1.15–17) The numerous parallels of vocabulary and matters discussed in Ephesians and Colossians link these epistles together. In the book of Romans, Paul encourages unity as people of God and begs the Jews and Gentiles to have peace and love with not only each other but with everyone in the world. These letters were sent by the hand of two other helpers, Tychicus and of course, Onesimus, the converted slave (Ephesians 6:21; Colossians 4:7-9) It seems that Philemon was a member of the church at Colossae and Tychicus was there also. while he was on his third missionary journey. The population of Colossae was probably quite diverse -- especially in light of the nearby highway. In the midst of this, Paul and the other apostles were trying to bring both sides to God through Christ Jesus. Abraham, was at one time, a pagan and Gentile and came from a pagan religion, so all who are not Jews are Gentiles, so they are not really a race or people, but those who are not Jews. And again, “God has chosen to make known among the Gentiles the glorious riches of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory,” Colossians 1:27. Consequently, it is not necessary to date Colossians in the second century at a time too late for Paul to have written the letter. Colossians was undisputedly Pauline until the nineteenth century a. We know that Antiochus III had settled about 2,000 Jewish families in the general area in 213 BC. Also, there are many personal references common to Philemon and Colossians. What most do not think about is: the people of Colosse were new Gentile converts and they were concerned about those around them judging them for doing these things. Gentile converts were welcome, but not their sinful beliefs and practices. The Supremacy of Christ … 20 and through Him to reconcile to Himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through the blood of His cross. The Gentiles would also be "of the same body." Longenecker says that the Colossians appear to have been supplementing the gospel. I’m overwhelmed when I think of the mercy of God! The Later Church Fathers accepted it3 b. [30] The Apostle Paul wrote to remind them of this promise and guard them against moving their on going trust from Christ to other philosophies and traditions which did not depend on Christ. Paul praised the Lord’s goodness in his letter to the (mostly Gentile) church in Ephesus: “Remember that at that time you were separate from Christ, excluded from citizenship in Israel and foreigners to the covenants of the promise, without hope and without God in the world. Before Jesus Christ came to completely forgive ( Ephesians 1:7-8 ) and take away sin ( 1 John 3:5 ), this meant rigorously keeping the Law of Moses and sacrificing when the Law was inevitably broken. The Gentile magi traveled something like 800 miles to worship Jesus; Jewish leaders couldn’t be … These Albino Gentiles needed to form a new identity. If Luke were a Gentile, it would have been far easier, and far more believable, to accuse Paul of bringing Luke with him into the Temple, rather than Trophimus. Colossians 1:12 The efficient cause of our salvation is the only mercy of God the Father, who maketh us meet to be partakers of eternal life, delivering us from the darkness wherein we were born, and bringing us to the light of the knowledge of the glory of his Son. Colossians 1:12 In … From the epistle it is evident that the Colossian Christians were Gentiles (Colossians 1:27) for whom, as such, the apostle feels a responsibility (Colossians 2:1). See Leviticus 19:23, 20:2, 25:10, 18, 26:32. Colossians 3:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Colossians 3:11, NIV: "Here there is no Gentile or Jew, circumcised or uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave or free, but Christ is all, and is in all." This body that included Gentiles and Jews was the church of Jesus Christ. Paul was born in Rome (Gentile territory), but he was still very aware of the Laws and was a Pharisee. The Gentiles were far less sharply differentiated from the Israelites in Old Testament than in New Testament times. Romans 1:18ff shows how those ancient Gentiles were accountable to God for their beliefs and conduct. They were not admitted without any restrictions. He sends to them Tychicus ( Colossians 4:7 ), who is accompanied by Onesimus, one of their own community ( Colossians 4:9 ), and urges them to be sure to read another letter which will reach them from Laodicea ( Colossians 4:16 ). (24-29) Here (as in Ephesians 3, in the same connection) St. Paul dwells on his own mission to set forth the universal gospel to the Gentiles. Paul’s point in writing Colossians is to say that Christ is sufficient. 21 Once you were alienated from God and were hostile in your minds because of your evil deeds. As the Gentile nations were not given tithing laws, and Levites were not instructed to go to the Gentiles and take tithe from them, the term “the land” in Leviticus 27:30 really refers to the Land of Israel. The Colossians are exhorted to allow no one to judge them with regard to a Feast, New Moon or Sabbath day. (3) Vices that were distinctively Gentile are mentioned in 3:5-7. Colossians was likely penned, as were Ephesians, Philippians, and Philemon, during Paul’s first imprisonment at Rome (1:24; 4:18). Luke is clear that some boundaries were imposed on gentile converts. Even for the Jews, tithing was limited only to the Land of Israel and adjacent areas. Two points discredit this theory. Question: Colossians 2:16 is a famous verse that people use to justify eating the unclean meats and not keeping the holy days and the Sabbath. The Details of Gentile Halakhah in Christ (Eph 4:17—6:9) The Call to Arms (Eph 6:10–24) Summary of Ephesians 4–6; Jews, Gentiles and the Apostolic Mission in Colossians. Jew and Gentile would comprise one new unit, the church. A Local Instance of the Apostolic Mission to the Nations (Col 1:1—2:5) Holy and Believing Brothers and Sisters at Colossae (1:1–2) External Evidence: Paul is strongly affirmed to be the author of Colossians 1. "And He is the head of the body, the church" (Colossians 1:18). It was not disputed in the later decades: Whether the Colossians to whom the apostle addresses this epistle were Jews or Gentiles, cannot be absolutely determined. 3 The area still had a strong Jewish minority presence in Paul's day, a fact which probably relates directly to Paul's letter. 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