Illinois State Constitution Study Guide Our State Constitution: Some Background Information In 1787, the United States Constitution set up a federal system of government giving some powers to the national government and other powers to the state and local governments. The Constitution of the State of Illinois is the governing document of the state of Illinois. All Rights Reserved. Legislative Reference Bureau, 1919. Constitution of the State of Illinois Adopted in Convention, May 18th, 1870, and Ratified by the People of the State, July 2d, A.D. 1870. There have been four Illinois Constitutions; the fourth and current version was adopted in 1970. The Illinois State Constitution: A Reference Guide traces the history of Illinois constitutionalism from statehood in 1818 to the adoption of the state's fourth constitution in 1970. In order to earn an Illinois High School Equivalency Certificate, you must take and pass the U.S. and Illinois State Constitution and Flag Test (“Constitution Test”) as required by Illinois Compiled Statutes – School Code (105 ILCS 5/27-3) in addition to completion of a high school equivalency exam (GED®, HiSET®, or TASC™) or a transcript-based […] [Springfield, IL: Illinois State Historical Society]. Constitution of the State of Illinois [1862] (proposed, but rejected by the voters) from Journal of the Constitutional Convention of the State of Springfield: Convened at Springfield, January 7, 1862, p.1072-1114. The Illinois State Library has digitized all editions of the ratified and proposed state constitutions, as well as reference works about the constitutions and journals of the various constitutional conventions. Search Illinois Statutes. [5], In 1862 a constitutional convention was held, but the changes known as the "Copperhead constitution" were not ratified by the voters. Illinois State University Student Government Association Constitution. All students in the state are required to have knowl-edge of the Illinois Constitution. Article 3, Suffrage and Elections, describes voting qualifications, disqualifications and other election rules. On August 4, Elias Kane was tasked with forming a committee to estimate the population of the territory; they found it to be 40,258, although this number seems to be exaggerated. Article 7, Local Government, provides rules for county, township, and city governments and provides them with a limited ability to pass ordinances. Chicago: The Western News Company. SECTION 2. Article 14, Constitutional Revision, describes procedures for amending the constitution. Article 1 is a bill of rights and contains similar provisions as the United States Bill of Rights, such as freedom of religion, freedom of speech and freedom of assembly. 1,069,939 other voters chose neither option. rhsapyle. Text of the Constitution of the State of Illinois 1848, excerpted from: Compilation of all the general laws concerning real estate and the title thereto, in the State of Illinois 1849, p. 63-106. The 1818 Illinois Constitution created three branches of government, just like the U.S. Constitution--legislative, executive, and judicial. Ultimately, the measure was also defeated by a wide margin,[10] 1,493,203 votes for and 3,062,724 against from a total of 5,539,172 votes cast. The governor. Have you had some time to read the said constitution and what it contains? Indeed, ratification here didn’t occur until 2018, 48 years after Illinois voters approved the state’s new constitution, ERA and all. In its final state, most of the state constitution followed the United States Constitution, with some provisions adopted from Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky, the original homes of many of the delegates. Section 14 describes impeachment rules under which Governor Blagojevich was impeached in the House and removed from office after a trial in the Senate.[13]. We’ll give you all the tools and resources you need to succeed. Constitution study Guide. [4] However, some provisions, such as the change in the dates for the election of constitutional officers, did not take effect for several years. The document is still referred to as the "Constitution of Illinois of 1970" even though there have been amendments to it after 1970. Springfield: Schnepp & Barnes, Printers. The Illinois State Constitution traces the history of the state's constitution from its statehood in 1818 to the adoption of the state's fourth constitution in 1970. The State has the primary responsibility for financing the system of public education. STATE REVENUE POWER The General Assembly has the exclusive power to raise revenue by law except as limited or otherwise provided in this Constitution. This volume provides an introduction to the history and law of the Illinois Constitution, including that most recent revision. From the 13th through the 15th, the constitution was read aloud and minor changes were made. 983,245 voters chose neither option. Pictured is the Illinois Old State Capitol in Springfield. Preamble. The records of the first constitutional convention held in Illinois, along with the text of the first constitution, are available online: Illinois State Historical Society. Ratified August 2015. [11], We, the People of the State of Illinois—grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberty which He has permitted us to enjoy and seeking His blessing upon our endeavors—in order to provide for the health, safety and welfare of the people; maintain a representative and orderly government; eliminate poverty and inequality; assure legal, social and economic justice; provide opportunity for the fullest development of the individual; insure domestic tranquility; provide for the common defense; and secure the blessings of freedom and liberty to ourselves and our posterity—do ordain and establish this Constitution for the State of Illinois.[12]. Section 3 describes legislative redistricting procedures. Find Your Academic Program. Three votes were held on the matter over the remainder of the convention. Article 12, Militia, sets rules for the state militia: "The State militia consists of all able-bodied persons residing in the State except those exempted by law." Slavery was outlawed throughout most of the state, but was permitted for the Illinois Salines near Shawneetown. Section 2 describes the composition of the two bodies. Constitution of the State of Illinois, 1818, printed by order of the House of Representatives. Constitution of the State of Illinois, 1818, printed by order of the House of Representatives. When Illinois adopted a new constitution in 1970, it achieved one of the rare successes in total state constitutional revision in the second half of the 20th century. Start studying IL Constitution 2020. | Web Privacy Policy, The Illinois Constitutional Convention of 1818, Illinois State Library's Illinois Constitution web site, Constitution of the State of Illinois, 1818, Constitution of the State of Illinois 1848, Constitution of the State of Illinois Adopted in Convention, May 18th, 1870, and Ratified by the People of the State, July 2d, A.D. 1870, The Proposed New Constitution of Illinois 1922 with Explanatory Notes and Address to the People. The State shall provide for an efficient system of high quality public educational institutions and services. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Illinois Constitution Test. Section 1 stipulates that a person must be 18 years old and a resident of the state for 30 days to vote. It was re-read on the 17th; to this point, there was little debate. illinois state constitution practice test provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see progress after the end of each module. Section 5 prohibits reducing the pension benefits of public employees. 2. WIU Home > Libraries > Govpubs > Illinois Laws. [7], Article XIV requires that Illinois voters be asked at least every 20 years if they desire a constitutional convention. ngnz3690. Article XIII, section 5; In re Pension Reform Legislation, http://www.ilga.gov/commission/lru/Intro.pdf, http://www.ilga.gov/commission/lrb/con5.htm, Illinois Copperheads & The American Civil War, 1988 – Proposed call for a Constitutional Convention, Voters decide against holding constitutional convention, Statewide question totals: Call For Constitutional Convention, "Constitution of the State of Illinois Preamble", http://www.illinoiscourts.gov/Opinions/SupremeCourt/2015/118585.pdf, "The Role of Political Parties in Illinois During the 1862 Illinois Constitutional Convention", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constitution_of_Illinois&oldid=981656492, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Thomas Kirkpatrick, judge of the county court, John K. Mangham, died shortly after arrival and otherwise unknown, Caldwell Cairns, physician and former judge of the St. Clair County court, Enoch Moore, captain in the War of 1812, county judge of probate, Samuel Omelveny, county treasurer, produce transporter, Hamlet Ferguson, sheriff, militia captain, Edward N. Cullom, farmer, justice of the peace, county commissioner, This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 17:24. Constitution of the State of Illinois. The current constitution is referred to as the "Constitution of Illinois of 1970" or less formally as the "1970 Constitution." This is FindLaw's hosted version of the Constitution of the State of Illinois. Use this page to navigate to all sections within the Constitution of the State of Illinois. It established the state's bicameral legislative system and a provided for a governor and lieutenant governor to be elected every four years. Article 6, the Judiciary, sets up rules for Supreme Court of Illinois, the Illinois Appellate Court, and the circuit or trial courts of Illinois. PREAMBLE: ARTICLE VIII - FINANCE: ARTICLE I - BILL OF RIGHTS: ARTICLE IX - REVENUE (Source: Illinois Constitution.) The present constitution of Illinois went into effect on Preview this quiz on Quizizz. The majority of delegates sought a compromise between the pro-slavery group and the abolitionists. The first constitution for Illinois was written in 1818. ngnz3690. The Proposed New Constitution of Illinois 1922 with Explanatory Notes and Address to the People. At its conclusion on August 26, 1818, the first Illinois Constitution was adopted. When statehood for Illinois was approved on April 18, 1818, the U.S. Congress approved the formation of a state constitution. It established the three branches of government - the legislative, executive, and judicial - their roles, and defined the state's official boundaries and first capital. [2] Important features of the fourth Illinois Constitution include the creation of home rule powers for larger municipalities and other units of local government. It also contains items not included in the United States Constitution like section 18, which prohibits discrimination based on sex and section 19, which prohibits discrimination based on physical or mental handicaps. The Illinois Constitution.). Our campus reopens Monday, January 4. There may be such other free education as the General Assembly provides by law. [6] Thomas J. Turner and Tazewell B. Tanner were delegates to an 1863 Illinois constitutional convention. Robert Blackwell and Elijah C. Berry of the Illinois Intelligencer were given the responsibility of printing the document. Section 1 describes rules for constitutional conventions. This book, Understanding the Illinois Constitution, has been Madison, St. Clair, and Gallatin counties were allocated three delegates each, while all other counties were allocated two delegates each. The convention met again on the 6th and approved the draft submitted by the committee. To some degree it carries forward the work of George D. Braden and Rubin G. Cohn in The Illinois Constitution: An Section 9 describes procedures involving executive vetos of legislation. Any record of this election has been lost and it is uncertain where the subsequent meeting was held. All white male U.S. citizens who had resided in the Illinois Territory for at least six months prior to the election, or whom were otherwise qualified to vote for representation, were permitted to vote. Final Semester Exam 25 Terms. It was 50 years ago that Illinois voters approved a state constitution that was forward-looking and made government more efficient. Furthermore, any slave currently in the state would remain a slave, though their children would become free upon reaching adulthood. An election for delegates to a state constitutional convention was scheduled for July 6, 1818. Constitutional Conventions in Illinois. (Source: Southwestern Illinois College. This initial constitution, required for Illinois to become a U.S. state, was modeled after the U.S. Constitution. The 1970 Constitution of Illinois has a preamble and 14 articles. In the meantime, see how Illinois State might be a good fit for you. The main topics of the election were whether it was sensible to have a constitution at that time and, if so, whether to form it and how to select appropriate representatives to frame it. The Illinois State Supreme Court. Illinois State Historical Society Journal, v.6, no.3, October 1894. The document is still referred to as the "Constitution of Illinois of 1970" even though there have been amendments to it after 1970. 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